Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. Begin the asparagus harvest when plants are three years old and fully developed. 6 Best Vegetables to Plant in Early Spring, How to Grow Spinach in Your Home Vegetable Garden. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. They look like they do in the store. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). Here are some tips on how to harvest asparagus: Harvest spears before the flower buds are open. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. Cut foliage back to ground level. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Harvest the ripe seeds as soon as possible and store in a cool, dry location until ready for use. Find the plant. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. Asparagus harvesting then becomes more worthwhile each year. Active Time 1 hour. Asparagus plants are either males or female. What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. The properly prepared and harvested asparagus bed will increase in yearly production for many years, generally for as long as 15 years and possibly up to 30 years, with the vegetable becoming more abundant. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. How to Harvest Asparagus. Difficulty Easy. Of course, the width will vary from male to female plants. Also, the ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden. Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. If you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus plants, stop harvesting and let the plant store energy for next season. After the second year, you can harvest for around 6 weeks. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Any spears that reach a height of more than 10 inches should be allowed to continue growing to build root systems and energy for next year. In early spring harvest spears every 3rd day or so. Asparagus plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to amend your soil and fertilize regularly. How to Harvest Asparagus. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. How To Harvest Wild Asparagus. Asparagus are either male or female. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. Snap the asparagus off at ground level, or cut with a knife. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. Cut asparagus off at ground level with a sharp knife. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. When is the best time to harvest asparagus? Materials. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. You can start asparagus from seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area. This year is dedicated for root and plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the second year. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. This is the hardest part. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Let the asparagus grow without harvest and it will produce a ‘fern’, which may be pruned back to the ground in winter after it has yellowed. Asparagus spears should not be harvested the first year and only lightly harvested during the second year. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month of optimum production. Once you know how to pick asparagus, you will delight in spring asparagus harvesting in future years. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. The delectable spears are not of edible quality until the fourth year after planting seeds. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. 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